Building a koi pond can create a beautiful and peaceful addition to any backyard. Many homeowners are interested in establishing their own peaceful gardens. However, before doing so, consider the following tips on how to create a koi pond and keep it healthy. These ponds are nice and look simple, but there are some important considerations to keep in mind before setting up yours.
Your first order of business is to determine the best location for your koi pond. Ideally, this should be an area of the garden that receives both sun and shade at different times of the day. Sunlight encourages plant growth, but unfortunately, that includes algae, so a little shade is important. If you don’t have natural shade in your yard, consider creating it with a gazebo of some kind.
The location of underground utilities will also be listed on the location of your koi pond. The best depth for your pond is 6 to 8 feet, however a minimum of 4 is recommended. Any shallower depth and your fish will be at the mercy of many predators and the hot summer sun. Call before you dig and get precise locations for phone, electric, gas and water lines that may be buried on your property.
You want your koi pond to be conspicuous, so it is important that you verify your chosen location before beginning the installation. The best way to do this is to outline the area with water hoses or rocks, although rocks will be a chore. Now look at the “pond” from several different vantage points to get an idea of how visible it will be.
Bigger is better
You have determined the depth of your koi pond, now you must determine how big you are going to make it around it. Most koi enthusiasts will tell you that the bigger you can make your pond the better, as koi grow quickly and can live up to 40 years if you maintain your pond well. Consider making your pond at least 2,500 gallons, 10,000 is even better. Koi fish come in a variety of colors and it would be a shame to be limited by the size of your pond.
Placing your koi pond too close to your garden could be a big mistake, especially if you use insecticides. Place the pond a good distance from the garden or decide to use little or no insecticide. The smallest amounts of poison can kill your fish quickly!
Building a koi pond is not difficult and once you have finished it it will be a constant source of pleasure. Keep the above tips in mind and you will be able to enjoy your pond and fish for many years to come. One final note, if you live in an area that is very cold, you will want to install a pond heater, although koi can withstand a lot of temperatures, it is not a good idea to let your pond freeze completely in the winter.